It is the deadly disease caused by a new coronavirus called SARS-CoV-2. It was first discoverd in 2019 as ’viral pneumonis’ in Wuhan, China. Among those who develop symptoms, some become seriously ill and require oxygen where some become seriously ill and need intensive care.
Complications leading to death may include respiratory failure, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), sepsis and septic shock, thromboembolism and multiorgan failure including injury of the heart, liver and kidneys.
People aged 60 years and over, and those with underlying medical problmes like high blood pressure, heart and lung problems, diabetes, obesity or cancer are at higher risk of developing serious illnesses. However, anyonr can get sick with COVID-19 and become seriously ill or die at any age.
COVID-19 is caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, which spreads between people, mainly by respiratory droplets among people who are in close contact with each other.
The virus can spread from an infected person’s mouth or nose in small liquid particles when they cough, sneeze, speak, sing or breathe heavily. These liquid particles are different sizes, ranging from larger ‘respiratory droplets’ to smaller ‘aerosols’.
You can further catch COVID-19 when the virus gets into your mouth, nose or eyes, which is more likely to happen when people are in direct or close contact (less than 1 meter apart) with an infected person.
Current evidence suggests that the main way the virus spreads is Aerosol transmission can occur in specific settings, particularly in indoor, crowded and inadequately ventilated spaces, where infected person(s) spend long periods of time with others, such as restaurants, markets, gymnasiums, nightclubs, offices and/or places of worship.
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